分類 / Names
共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes(部類, 種) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
板鰓亜鋼(サメとエイ類) (sharks and rays)
(Ground sharks) > Scyliorhinidae
(Cat sharks) > Scyliorhininae
Etymology: Cephaloscyllium: cephalus, from kephale (Gr.), head, referring to its very broad and depressed head; skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark. (See ETYFish); silasi: In honor of Eric Godwin Silas (1928-2018), Sri Lankan-born Indian ichthyologist and fisheries scientist, Director, Central Marine Fisheries Institute (India), “whose excellent publications on the ichthyofauna of the continental shelf of the south-west coast of India have added much to our knowledge of the fauna of this region”. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
海 深海魚; 深さの範囲 250 - 500 m (Ref. 95495). Deep-water; 16°N - 9°N
Western Indian Ocean: vicinity of Quilon, India (Ref. 244) and Sauqira Bay, Oman (Ref. 10914).
サイズ / 重さ / 年齢
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 36.7 cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 95495); 45.0 cm TL (female)
形態学 | 形態計測学
This is a small shark with the following characters: stout body with expanded belly; labial furrows absent but a vestigial lower labial furrow may be present; anterior nasal flaps are broadly triangular; head depressed, flattened and broad, rounded in dorsal and ventrally; mouth large and arched; 5 gill slits, dorsolaterally placed and last two gill slits over pectorals, the 1-3 gill slits are subequal in length, 5th smallest; eyes dorsolateral and slit like; large mouth, arched or crescentic; mouth width 0.6 times HL; first dorsal origin slightly in front of pelvic insertion and placed above pelvics (Ref. 95495).
Found on the uppermost continental slope. Probably a dwarf species. Oviparous (Ref. 50499). This species could possibly attains a maximum size of 50.0 cm TL, with males reported (Ref. 26842) to reach length at maturity at 36.7 cm TL. A 45.0 cm female was found gravid and have two egg cases, one in each uterus, containing visible embryos (85.1-86.2 mm) with attached yolk sac. Stomach examined contains crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 95495).
Life cycle and mating behavior
成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | 卵 | 生産力 | 幼生
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
協力者画像Stamps, Coins Misc.音シガテラ（食中毒の名前）速度泳ぐ 型式カマOtoliths脳視覚
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00139 - 0.00497), b=3.21 (3.04 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
栄養段階 (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
回復力 (Ref. 120179
): 低い, ４．５年～１４年の倍増期間の最小個体群 (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100).