Teleostei (teleosts) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Trichogastrinae
Etymology: Trichogaster: Greek, thrix = hair + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19. Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)
Asia: Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. This is the smallest and most popular of the small gouramis which have been widely distributed outside its native range (Ref. 1739).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116964)
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Inhabits slow moving streams, rivulets and lakes with plenty of vegetation (Ref. 41236). An air-breathing species (Ref. 118402). Aquarium keeping: minimum aquarium size 60 cm (Ref. 51539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male guards the floating bubble-nest where the eggs are laid, about 600 in number. Hatching takes place in 12 to 24 hours while the male parent continues to protect the nest. In about three days, the developing larvae become free-swimming and leave the nest. In an aquarium setting, it is about this same period that the male should be removed from the tank to lessen the probability of him eating the young (Ref. 1672).
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, i-xxii + 543-1158, 1 pl. (Ref. 4833)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Aquarium: highly commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.01096 - 0.01906), b=2.98 (2.90 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=600 eggs (Ref. 1672
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 349 [83, 1,070] mg/100g; Iron = 2.59 [0.94, 6.48] mg/100g; Protein = 16.1 [14.8, 17.3] %; Omega3 = 0.271 [0.093, 0.792] g/100g; Selenium = 30.5 [12.6, 70.8] μg/100g; VitaminA = 38 [14, 99] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.12 [1.37, 3.21] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.