Teleostei (teleosts) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Adrianichthyidae
(Ricefishes) > Oryziinae
Etymology: Oryzias: Greek, oryza = rice; because of the habitat used by this fish (Ref. 45335); nigrimas: Latin, niger = black + Latin, mas = male. An allusion to the dark nuptial coloration of males (Ref. 26747).
More on author: Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.5 - 8.5; dH range: ? - 18; non-migratory. Tropical; 22°C - 25°C (Ref. 31267); 1°S - 3°S, 120°W - 121°W (Ref. 26747)
Asia: Endemic to Lake Poso, Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26747)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 21 - 25. Distinguished from all other species of Oryzias by the unique black nuptial coloration of the adults males. Differs further by having slightly emarginate caudal fin (shared only with O. matanensis which has 40-47 scales in lateral row and O. orthognathus which has 45-54 scales in lateral row), 34-37 scales in lateral row, 8-11 dorsal rays and 21-25 anal rays (Ref. 26747).
Non-annual breeder. Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00479 (0.00190 - 0.01207), b=3.13 (2.91 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fec < 100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).