Teleostei (teleosts) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Gadidae
(Cods and haddocks)
Etymology: Gadiculus: Latin, gadus = a fish, cod? (Ref. 45335).
Previously as a subspecies of Gadiculus argenteus Guichenot, 1850. Synonym of the latter in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Oct. 2012: Ref. 92135) followimg (Mercader & Vinyoles, 2008).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous; depth range 100 - 1000 m (Ref. 35388). Temperate; 72°N - 43°N, 32°W - 26°E
Northeast Atlantic: North Cape, Skagerrak to Bay of Biscay. Western Mediterranean (Ref.123983).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3663); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4645)
Over muddy bottoms. Spawns in spring. Important prey for several commercial fish.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, sexes are separate (Ref. 205).
Svetovidov, A.N., 1986. Gadidae. p. 680-710. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 3663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.5 - 10.4, mean 7.4 °C (based on 200 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00418 - 0.01508), b=3.10 (2.94 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.69, tm=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 72 [39, 168] mg/100g; Iron = 0.699 [0.348, 1.323] mg/100g; Protein = 17.7 [16.1, 19.2] %; Omega3 = 0.936 [0.428, 2.110] g/100g; Selenium = 13.5 [6.0, 31.4] μg/100g; VitaminA = 27.6 [6.5, 120.2] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.753 [0.478, 1.160] mg/100g (wet weight);