Teleostei (teleosts) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Argyrosomus: Greek, argyros = silvered, silver + Greek, soma = body (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 60 m (Ref. 9772). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea from Oman to western coasts of India (Ref. 3490); South China Sea and off Java, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772); common length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)
Found on coastal waters over muddy bottoms. Forms small schools. Also caught with bottom trawls and hand lines. Marketed fresh and dried salted; swim bladder dried (Ref. 9772).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lal Mohan, R.S., 1984. Sciaenidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Vol. 4. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3490)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.7 - 29.2, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1392 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00413 - 0.01752), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 116 [42, 452] mg/100g; Iron = 0.806 [0.256, 2.610] mg/100g; Protein = 18.9 [16.9, 21.0] %; Omega3 = 0.239 [0.122, 0.410] g/100g; Selenium = 32.8 [8.7, 133.0] μg/100g; VitaminA = 38.7 [11.4, 135.5] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.879 [0.598, 1.305] mg/100g (wet weight);