Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch, 1790)
Atlantic tripletail,  Lapu-lapu,  Higda,  Istah sampin,  Kakap bato,  Kapkap-bato,  Kayapkap,  Kulapo,  Lapag,  Poyo,  Puyo,  Yapig
Lobotes surinamensis
photo by Silva, P.

Family:  Lobotidae (Tripletails)
Max. size:  110 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 19 kg
Environment:  benthopelagic; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 70 m, oceanodromous
Distribution:  Tropical and subtropical waters of all oceans. Western Atlantic: New England and Bermuda southward to Argentina (Ref. 114270); and Falkland Islands (Ref. 114522). Eastern Atlantic: presumably along the coast from the Straits of Gibraltar to the Gulf of Guinea, including Madeira, although reliable records still lacking from Angola, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde Islands; and Mediterranean (Ref. 114272). Indo-Pacific: East Africa through all countries of Southeast Asia north to Taiwan Province of China and southern Japan, northern Australia to southern Queensland, New Guinea to New Britain, and south to Fiji. Reported as rare visitors in Ponape, Hawaii, and Tahiti (Ref. 47694). Records from eastern central to southeastern Pacific need further confirmation and may refer to Lobotes pacificus.
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 11-12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 15-16; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 11-12. Adults dark brown or greenish yellow above, silvery grey below; pectorals pale yellow, other fins darker than body; caudal fin with yellow margin (Ref. 4386). Rounded caudal fin that appear as single 3-lobed fin (Ref. 26938).
Biology:  Adult inhabits bays (Ref. 37816), muddy estuaries and lower reaches of large rivers (Ref. 48636). A sluggish offshore fish that often floats on its side near the surface in the company of floating objects. Occasionally drifts over reefs (Ref. 9710, 44187). Juvenile may occur in floating Sargassum and mimic a floating leaf (Ref. 37816). Feeds on benthic crustaceans and small fish (Ref. 30573, 44187). Marketed fresh, frozen, or salted.
IUCN Red List Status: Least Concern (LC); Date assessed: 23 August 2012 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Also Ref. 393.

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