Choerodon schoenleinii (Valenciennes, 1839)
Blackspot tuskfish
Blackspot tuskfish,  Mameng,  Bagondon,  Balaki,  Bankilan,  Banog,  Bungat,  Buntugon,  Danlugan,  Isdang bato,  Labayan,  Lamon-lamon,  Lampalampa,  Lubay-lubay,  Lubayan,  Maming,  Manginsad,  Maringyan,  Molmol,  Mulmul,  Pilo-pilo,  Pirat-pirat,  Tamago,  Tausay,  Verde verde
Choerodon schoenleinii
photo by Banks, I.

Family:  Labridae (Wrasses), subfamily: Bodianinae
Max. size:  100 cm TL (male/unsexed); max.weight: 16 kg
Environment:  reef-associated; marine; depth range 10 - 60 m
Distribution:  Indo-West Pacific: Ryukyu Islands south to Australia and Indonesia. Reported from Mauritius (Ref. 5503).
Diagnosis:  Dorsal spines (total): 13-13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-7; Anal spines: 3-3; Anal soft rays: 10-10. Large adults appear blue underwater and usually have a small black spot at the dorsal fin base. Juveniles have a large white saddle spot following the black spot (Ref. 48636). A moderately small but prominent dark spot present on body at base of last dorsal-fin spine (spot not extending onto fin membrane). Body scales each with a blue centre in life forming horizontal rows of spots on side. Second prominent anterior canine in lower jaw distinctly shorter than first in adults, directed mostly dorsally and slightly anteriorly. 3 to 5 scales on subopercle. (Ref 9823)
Biology:  Inhabit flat sandy or weedy areas near lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Solitary. Feed mainly on hard-shelled prey including crustaceans, mollusks and sea urchins. Marketed mostly fresh. In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253).
IUCN Red List Status: Near Threatened (NT); Date assessed: 30 April 2004 Ref. (126983)
Threat to humans:  harmless
Country info:  Known from Bais, Negros Oriental; Cavite; Cataingan Bay, Masbate; Ragay R., Ragay Gulf, Camarines Sur; Zamboanga; Dumaguete, Negros Oriental; Jolo; Siluag I., Sulu (Ref. 280) and Cebu City (Ref. 58652). Also Ref. 48613. In range Ref. 9823.

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