Teleostei (teleosts) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Ictaluridae
(North American freshwater catfishes)
Etymology: Pylodictis: Greek, pylos = mud + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); olivaris: Pylodictis (Greek)=mud fish; olivaris (Latin)=olive-colored (Ref. 79012).
More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; ? - 33°C (Ref. 12741); 47°N - 26°N, 108°W - 80°W (Ref. 86798)
North America: Lower Great Lakes and Mississippi River basins from western Pennsylvania to White-Little Missouri River system in North Dakota, and south to Louisiana in USA; Gulf Slope from Mobile Bay drainage in Georgia and Alabama in USA to Mexico. Transplanted elsewhere in USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 48.3, range 46 - 50.8 cm
Max length : 155 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); max. published weight: 55.8 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 25 years (Ref. 120825)
Adults inhabit pools with logs and other debris in low-gradient to moderate-gradient, small to large rivers. Also found in lakes and impoundments. Young occur in rocky and sandy runs and riffles (Ref. 5723, 86798). Juveniles feed on aquatic insect immature in riffle areas (Ref. 10294). Older individuals consume crayfish, clams and fishes (Ref. 93252).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00412 - 0.00733), b=3.13 (3.04 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 7.8 (6.9 - 9.5) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 24 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.06-0.38; tm=3-6; tmax=34; Fec=6,900).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 32.2 [18.3, 73.4] mg/100g; Iron = 1.17 [0.65, 2.08] mg/100g; Protein = 17.1 [15.0, 18.9] %; Omega3 = 0.467 [0.192, 1.143] g/100g; Selenium = 77.9 [32.5, 172.5] μg/100g; VitaminA = 14.8 [5.0, 45.4] μg/100g; Zinc = 0.595 [0.403, 0.893] mg/100g (wet weight);